Basic Information about Switzerland

 

Basic Information about Switzerland

 
 
Switzerland at a glance:
 
- Name:                 Switzerland. Another name is "Confoederatio Helvetica", abbreviated “CH”
- Location:             Middle of Europe (GMT+1)
- Capital:               Bern
- Area:                    41.285 km² (mountain over 60% area, plateau 30%)
- Climate:              temperate 
- Population:        over 7.7 milions (about 21% are foreigners)
- National day:     August 1st.
- Biggest city:       Zurich
- Language:         4 mains languages in Switzerland: German (65%), French (18%), Italian (10%) & Romansch (7%)
- Currency:           Swiss Franc (SFr / CHF) (CHF is the ISO symbol of Swiss Franc)
- History:               Founded in 1291, independent from 1648
 
Map of Switzerland

 
Switzerland stretches over 220 km (137 miles) from north to south; time for travelling by train is more than 4 hours and about 3 hours by car. Distance between east and west is 370 350 km (217 miles).
 
Swiss Flag
 
 
Swiss coat of arms
 
Swiss Cantons
 
 
1.      Zürich
2.      Bern / Berne
3.      Luzern
4.      Uri
5.      Schwyz
6.      Unterwalden (Obwalden / Nidwalden)
7.      Glarus
8.      Zug
9.      Freiburg / Fribourg
10. Solothurn
16. Aargau
17. Thurgau
18. Ticino
19. Vaud
22. Genève
23. Jura
 
  
Neighbors of Switzerland
 
 
       Germany (north of Switzerland, boundary 363 km)  
 
 
       Austria (east of Switzerland, boundary 165 km)
 
 
       Liechtenstein (east of Switzerland, boundary 41 km)
 
 
       Italy (south of Switzerland, boundary 741 km)
 
 
       France (west of Switzerland, boundary 572 km)
 
 
 
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